Category Archives: Central U.P. and NMU Archives

The Central Upper Peninsula and NMU Archives are located in room 126 of the Learning Resources Center. To contact the archives, e-mail archives (at) nmu.edu or call 906-227-1225. Visit nmu.edu/archives for more information.

Politics in the Archives: Parties, Politicians, and Campaigns

Part VII:  Fred E. Sabin and James Goulette

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Michigan residents must be registered to vote by October 9, 2018 to be eligible to vote in the November Mid-Term General Election. 

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The 2018 Michigan Mid-Term General Election is November 6.  On this year’s ballot are all 435 seats in the House of Representatives, thirty-five of the one hundred seats in the Senate, thirty-nine state and territorial governorships, and some other state and local elections.  The Secretary of State Webpage, Michigan Voter Information Center, provides information on voter registration, absentee ballots, primaries, polling locations, sample ballots, and more.  The 2018 Michigan Election Dates Booklet, published by the Secretary of State, is an excellent source for following the State’s electoral process.  The document provides a detailed calendar for the elections including a timeline for the stages in the 2018 election process, filing requirements for nominating petitions, a listing of offices to be elected, and recount filing information.


MSS-169: Fred E. Sabin papers

Dr. Fred Sabin (1924-1997) was an ophthalmologist who lived and practiced in Marquette, Michigan for nearly 50 years.  Born in Little Falls, New York, Sabin attended Albany Medical School and completed his residency at the Mayo Clinic.  Dr. Sabin was a veteran of World War II and spent three years in the U. S. Army.  He came to Marquette at the request of Dr. Dan Hornbogan in 1957 and was a partner in an ophthalmology practice covering the entire Upper Peninsula until 1985.  Dr. Sabin helped to found the Marquette Medical Center, served as President of the Association of Mayo Eye Fellows and the Marquette-Alger Medical Society.  He was a Diplomat of the American Board of Ophthalmology and a Fellow of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, and served on the Michigan State Board of Registration in Medicine from 1963 to 1967.

Dr. Sabin served as Chairman of the Marquette County Republicans, Vice-Chairman of the 11th Congressional District Republican Committee and Chairman of Citizens for Ruppe, as well as, a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1964.  He was President of the Marquette Rotary Club (1963-1964), a member of the Northern Michigan University Board of Control (1967-1984), eventually receiving the rank of Trustee Emeritus, and served on the Alma College Board of Trustees for twelve years.  In addition to his work with NMU and the Republican Party, Dr. Sabin was involved with innumerable community organizations working to improve economic conditions, expand medical facilities and the availability of medical care, and involve community members in the democratic process.

The papers document Dr. Sabin’s interaction with Marquette area community leaders, Northern Michigan University Administrators, colleagues in the medical profession, Young Republicans, Republican Women’s groups, the Republican State Central Committee, and the Marquette Rotary Club.  The collection is an accurate documentation of Republican politics in the 1960s; as Dr. Sabin wrote in a letter to the 6th Precinct Republican Organization, “[Voters are] divided into the Saints (i.e. Republicans), Savables (Independents) and Sinners (Democrats). We, of course, are not interested in getting the latter group to vote.”

The bulk of the material focuses on the election of the 43rd governor of Michigan, George W. Romney (Republican).  Perhaps due to the comedic personality present in his writings, or perhaps due to his obvious aptitude for politics and the public sector, Sabin’s “hob-knobbing” with notable characters such as George Romney, Dominic Jacobetti, Ogden E. Johnson, William G. Milliken, Edgar E. Harden, John X. Jamrich, Alexander Haig, and many more are documented in a large collection of photographs.  Of particular use may be the project files that denote the handling of significant events in Michigan politics by the Republican Party, such as the 1963 Constitutional Convention and recount, the re-apportioning of Michigan voting districts, fundraisers and campaigning events, and elections.


MSS-017: James Goulette papers

James Goulette (Republican) served as a state representative from the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan.  Goulette (1906-1993), born in Iron Mountain, Michigan, was eighth in a line of twelve children, and attended the Iron Mountain public schools.  At the age of twenty, he went into business with his brothers selling ice, beer, and cold storage. In 1936, Goulette started a mink farm.

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Elected to the Michigan House of Representatives in 1938, Goulette served nine terms from 1939-1958.  He served as Chair of the Committee on Northern State Teachers’ College (1939-1940), the Committee on Aeronautics (1941-1942), and the Committee on Liquor Control (1945-1948).  Goulette also served on a number of committees while in office, including committees on Aeronautics (1941-1948), Apportionment (1939-1942), Fish and Fisheries (1947-1948), Geological Survey (1947-1948), Labor (1943-1948), and Liquor Control (1941-1948).  Other committee service included Michigan College of Mining and Technology (1939-1948), Military and Veterans’ Affairs (1941-1946), Newberry State Hospital (1939-1942, 1947-1948), Northern State Teachers’ College 1939-1940), State House of Correction & Branch of the State Prison in the Upper Peninsula (1939-1940, 1943-1946), and Ways and Means (1951-1958).

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After leaving the House, Mr. Goulette served on the Iron Mountain Board of Water Works as commissioner for 25 years, as president for five terms, and as secretary for two years.  He owned Goulette’s Cold Storage Plant, a milk ranch, was co-partner of Northern light Distributing Co., and was a distributor of the United States Surplus Foods for the Upper Peninsula.  Mr. Goulette was selected as the Upper Peninsula Person of the Year for 1979, he also served as committee head for the Cornish Pump Museum, and was a member of Chamber of Commerce, Elks, and Knights of Columbus.

This collection documents the political career of James Goulette covering the period from 1936 to 1993. The collection consists of awards, correspondence, memorabilia and scrapbooks of James Goulette, pertaining to his terms of office while serving as a member of the Michigan House of Representatives from Iron Mountain, Michigan. One component that may be of interest to the researcher is a folder and a scrapbook pertaining to the Cornish Pump Museum in Iron Mountain, Michigan.

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The Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan Archives seek to acquire the records of political parties and organizations and the papers of politicians and political activists that document the history of public participation in politics and government in the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan. If you are aware of the existence of such records and papers, or you are interested in donating such collections to the Archives, please contact Marcus C. Robyns, University Archivist, at 906-227-1225 or mrobyns@nmu.edu.

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Part VIII: Dominic Jacobetti and Robert Davis

Series developed and written by Glenda Ward

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Politics in the Archives: Parties, Politicians, and Campaigns

Part VI:  Charles Varnum and Pat Gagliardi

The 2018 Michigan Mid-Term General Election is November 6.  On this year’s ballot are all 435 seats in the House of Representatives, thirty-five of the one hundred seats in the Senate, thirty-nine state and territorial governorships, and some other state and local elections.  The Secretary of State Webpage, Michigan Voter Information Center, provides information on voter registration, absentee ballots, primaries, polling locations, sample ballots, and more.  The 2018 Michigan Election Dates Booklet, published by the Secretary of State, is an excellent source for following the State’s electoral process.  The document provides a detailed calendar for the elections including a timeline for the stages in the 2018 election process, filing requirements for nominating petitions, a listing of offices to be elected, and recount filing information.


MSS-076: Charles H. Varnum papers

Charles H. Varnum, Republican Congressman from Michigan (1966-1982), was in born in Jonesville, Michigan in 1933.  He graduated from Jonesville High School (1951) and served in the U.S. Marine Corps during the Korean War (1951-1954) attaining the rank of Sergeant.   As an undergraduate, Varnum attended Ferris Institute and Hillsdale College graduating in 1959 he later went on to complete post-graduate work at Northern Michigan University.  Varnum taught math and social studies and coached football, golf, and basketball at Manistique Area Schools from 1959-1966.

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Elected to the Michigan House of Representatives in 1966 as representative from the 107th District, Varnum was to serve as a member of the House Appropriations Committee and on the Sub-Committee on Mental Health.  His civic service included serving on the Manistique City Council and performing as Mayor Pro Tem of the City of Manistique, Schoolcraft County Board of Supervisors, member of the Republican State Central Committee (1960-1965), Vice-Chairman of the Upper Peninsula Legislative Council, member of the 11th Congressional District Executive Committee, and Chairman of the Schoolcraft County Republican Party.  Varnum was a member of the Michigan Education Association, V.F.W. Post 4420, Rotary Club Manistique, Elks Club, and the Manistique Teachers Association, Varnum died in 1999.

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The collection consists of legislative papers and the personal files documenting his work as a Michigan Representative and as a member of the Michigan Education Association, Upper Peninsula Legislative Council, Republican State Central Committee, Appropriations Committee, and a Sub-Committee on Mental Health.  Topics include Central U.P. Planning and Development Region (CUPPAD), Department of Agriculture, Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Upper Peninsula Committee for Area Progress, UP Statehood, and the closure of Kincheloe Air Force Base.  Issues covered are mental health and the closure of mental health facilities, public health, senior citizens, social services, veteran affairs, labor, abortion, capital punishment, Equal Rights Amendment, euthanasia, gun control, students protest on race and the Vietnam War, and more.

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There is also a collection of audio recordings (1966-1984) of interviews, news reports, hearings and testimonies, speeches, and dedications.  Varnum retained correspondence with constituents (1967-1982) relating to a variety of topics, such as education, consumer complaints, corrections, mental health, taxes, social services, veteran affairs, and the environment.  A set of indices (1972-1974); one arranged by subject listing various issues ranging from house bills and laws to services, councils, concerns, and complaints and Varnum’s response.  The second is a name index organized by the correspondent’s last name and the reason for the correspondence.


MSS-060: Patrick (Pat) M. Gagliardi papers

Patrick (Pat) M. Gagliardi, Democratic Congressman from Michigan (1982-1998), was born in Bay City, Michigan, on December 14, 1950. He graduated from Midland High School and went on to receive his B.A. degree from Lake Superior State University in 1974.  Elected to the Michigan House of Representatives as a Democrat in November 1982, Gagliardi represented district 107, which included the eastern Upper Peninsula counties of Alger, Chippewa, Emmet, Luce, Mackinac, and Schoolcraft until 1998.  Pat Gagliardi served as the House Majority Floor Leader (1995-1998), Chair (1989-1994) and Minority Vice- Chair (1995-1996) of the House Oversight and Ethics Committee.

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He also served on many House committees during his tenure, including economic and environmental committees such as Agriculture and Forestry, Forestry and Minerals, Conservation and Environment, Tourists and Recreation, Economic Development and Energy.  Gagliardi also served on committees focused on the Constitution and Women’s Issues, Senior Citizens and Retirement, and Education.  Regulatory committees Gagliardi served on were Appropriations, Joint Statutory Standing, Joint Capital Restoration, Legislative Council, and the Michigan Capital committee.

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Gagliardi was involved with some environmental issues throughout his time in office. He strove to save lighthouses and to preserve the underwater history of the Great Lakes such as the Alger County Underwater Shipwreck Preserve and the DeTour Reef Lighthouse.  An advocate of libraries and museums, one of the projects Gagliardi took part in was the Curtis Library Restoration project.  Among the many areas of interest to the researcher is Gagliardi’s work with the Department of Mental Health, including the controversial closing of the Newberry, Coldwater, and Muskegon mental health facilities.

This collection documents Pat Gagliardi’s political career in the Michigan House of Representatives (1982-1998).  The collection includes project and information files, news releases, newsletters, legislation, and general issues relating to the counties in Gagliardi’s district.  The materials in this collection include, but are not limited to, correspondence, newspaper clippings, brochures, petitions, proposals, grant applications, laws, bills, personal notes, blueprints, maps, reports and studies, meeting minutes, photographs, and copies of proposed legislation related to various projects worked on by Gagliardi.


The Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan Archives seek to acquire the records of political parties and organizations and the papers of politicians and political activists that document the history of public participation in politics and government in the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan. If you are aware of the existence of such records and papers, or you are interested in donating such collections to the Archives, please contact Marcus C. Robyns, University Archivist, at 906-227-1225 or mrobyns@nmu.edu.


Part VI: James Goulette and Fred Sabin

Series developed and written by Glenda Ward

Digitization performed by Libby Serra

 

Event Feature: September 11, 2001

Earlier this week, our nation paid tribute to those who lost their lives during the events of September 11, 2001. Though Northern Michigan University is more than 600 miles from New York, Washington, and Shanksville, PA, the students, faculty, staff, and administration all felt what people across the country felt.

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The front page of The North Wind, September 13, 2001

In our collection, we have NMU’s student newspapers, The Northern News and The North Wind, on microfilm. These resources provide a window to look back on certain times and dates and see how the NMU community reacted to various events. In this instance, we can see how students were feeling and what they were doing during and after the 9/11 tragedy.

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The Archives’ collections include student essays from a history class written one year after the 9/11 attacks. The essays describe where students were during the attacks, their initial actions and reactions, and how they felt one year later.

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Student essay (multiple pages)

Finally, we have oral history interviews conducted by students in March of 2002 (six months after the attacks) for a project in a different history class. We have the audio tapes and transcriptions of the interviews.

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If you’d like to learn more about the NMU community’s reaction to September 11, or would like to take a look at some of our other collections, please feel free to stop by the Archives. Our operating hours are MWF 10am-5pm and TR 10am-7pm. Or, if you’d rather, give us a call at (906) 227-1225, or email us at archives@nmu.edu with any reference requests you have regarding Northern Michigan University or the Central Upper Peninsula.

This post was written by Lucas Knapp